Navy Legal Region Southwest

24 de novembre de 2022

The Judge Advocate General of the Navy (JAG) and the Deputy Judge Advocate General of the Navy (DJAG) are appointed to positions. Both are appointed by the President and must be confirmed by a majority vote of the Senate. The JAG and DJAG are appointed for a four-year term, but usually serve for three years. The JAG and DJAG were historically officers in the service of the Navy. However, federal statutes state that a naval officer [3] may be appointed to either position as long as he or she meets the requirements set out in this section. Currently, the JAG is appointed Vice-Admiral or Lieutenant-General three stars during his tenure, and the JAG is currently appointed Rear Admiral or Major-General two stars. Other than age and years of military service, there is no other statute of limitations as to how many times a JAG or DJAG can be reappointed to that position if the President so wishes. Prior to 2005, JAG Corps personnel worked primarily in one of three offices: the Naval Legal Services Offices (NLSO), established in 1976,[2] which are responsible for the defence and legal assistance of authorized personnel; the Trial Service Offices (TSB), established in the mid-1990s[2], responsible for prosecutions, judicial reporting and administrative litigation support; and Staff Judges (SJA), who provide legal advice to commanders at the U.S. naval base. In 2005, the Judge Advocate General of the Navy approved a pilot program that resulted in the amalgamation of the Trial Service and Naval Staff Judge Advocates offices into new commands known as Regional Legal Services Offices (RLOs). On October 1, 2012, the eight Naval Legal Services Offices were dissolved and four Defence Services Offices (DSOs) were created. The legal assistance mandate was transferred from the Navy`s legal services offices to the region`s legal services offices.

Defence Service offices focus exclusively on defence services and personal representation advice for soldiers. [2] During the First World War, the Naval Appropriations Act of 1918 elevated the Chiefs of the Naval Bureau and Attorney General clubs to the rank of rear admiral. In July 1918, Captain George Ramsey Clark was appointed the first Judge Advocate General to hold the rank of Rear-Admiral. [1] Individuals eligible for YPPR services are active duty, active duty pensioners and reservists, and dependants with identification cards. Valid military identification is required to receive services. An identity check is carried out at the check-in desk to obtain legal assistance. In 2007, Legalman`s education and training pipeline was adjusted to fully train lawyers as paralegals. The Naval Justice School (NJS) curriculum has been adapted to accommodate four paralegal courses approved by the American Bar Association (ABA). Lawyers now leave NJS with 10 semester hours of college credit in paralegal studies. [1] In addition, the JAG Corps has lawyers and paralegals on aircraft carriers, amphibious assault ships, and flagships, as well as Seabee battalions and special operations commandos.

Lawyers are trained paralegals who assist Navy and Marine Corps judge advocates and work in Navy law firms. By 1967, the Navy had 20 years of experience with the legal specialist program. However, there was growing pressure to create a separate body of lawyers. That year, Congress decided to create the Judge Advocate General`s Corps (JAGC) within the Department of the Navy. The bill was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson on December 8, 1967, and appointed all Navy lawyers as staff officers within the Navy, such as doctors and chaplains. Prior to this change, all naval lawyers were naval officers. [1] On January 4, 1972, Secretary of the Navy John H.

Chafee approved the recommendation to establish the Legalman qualification. A memorandum from the Chair of the Performance Review Committee announced the approval, stating in part: “The scope of the new rating will provide judicial counsel with staff trained in court reporters, claims matters, investigations, legal administration and legal research. This scope is consistent with the new approach of the civil legal community, where many areas of legal services can be provided by competently trained staff under the supervision of a lawyer. On October 4, 1972, 275 petty officers were selected to be converted to the new legal qualification. [1] Colonel William Butler Remey, USMC, was the first uniformed chief of legal affairs in the Navy in 1878. Colonel Remey succeeded in convincing Congress that the Navy Department needed a permanent uniformed attorney general and that naval law was so unique that it would be better to appoint a Navy or Marine Corps line officer. The position of Judge Advocate General of the Navy was promulgated in 1880. [1] During the rapid expansion of the Navy during World War II, line officers who had been lawyers in civilian life were often forced to serve ad hoc to serve as prosecutors and defence lawyers at court martial.

Many of these lawyers remained in the navy as general line officers after the war, but served de facto as lawyers to judges. In 1947, the Navy created a “legal specialist” program to allow line officers to have a limited obligation to provide legal services. By the law of May 5, 1950, Congress required that the Judge Advocate General be a lawyer. The law also required any attorney general of a service with at least eight years of legal service as an officer to be a member of the Bar Association.

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